This work concerns notched composite plates repaired with external circular patches. Their load carrying capability and failure process under tensile loading were investigated experimentally. In the case of a strong adhesive joint, the stiffness of the patches has to be optimized to release high stress concentration and obtain the best repair performance. It was found that the damage progression of the repairs depends not only on the patch stiffness but also on the stacking sequence. With visual inspection and acoustic emission, three modes of damage and failure process for patch repaired specimens were identified. Theses damage models are essential for the development of a numerical design tool for the optimization of external patch repairs.
The peridinin–chlorophyll a-protein (PCP) from dinoflagellates is Elaborate Women Nike Air Presto White Peach Blossom
a soluble light harvesting antenna which gathers Luxury Free 3.0 V2 Men Wine Red Gray Pop
incoming photons mainly by the carotenoid peridinin. In PCPs reconstituted with different chlorophylls, the peridinin to
chlorophyll energy transfer rates are well predicted by a Förster-like theory, but only if the pigment arrangements are identical in all PCPs. We have determined the X-ray structures of PCPs reconstituted with Chlorophyll-b (Chl-b), Chlorophyll-d (Chl-d) and Bacteriochlorophyll-a (BChl-a) to resolutions ⩽2 Å. In all three cases the pigment arrangements are essentially the same as in native PCP. Hydrogen bonding is not responsible for preferential incorporation of “non-native” chlorophylls over Chl-a.